Technical Writings

Is It Fabricated?

More research time by the FDE is being devoted to understanding the process of making copies and the development of reliable examination methods he can use in their examination. He is also trying to deal with the limitations imposed on him when he has only copies for examination and how, if he can, accurately and reliably attribute what he sees on the copy to the original the copy purportedly represents. Read more...

Non-Destructive Ink and Paper Examinations

When most people think of ink analysis they, think that it is a destructive examination which means my document is going to be severely damaged or destroyed. That is not completely accurate. There is a way of examining ink entries without damaging the document, and it is usually the only test necessary to resolve the issue of ink differentiation. Read more...

Report Writing and Opinion Terminology

The purpose of this paper is to assist the reader in understanding the format of a questioned document report, the way examined documents should be described and how the appropriate probability statements are chosen by the FDE, the language and terms are chosen to express the conclusions reached in the examination, and how the language and terms should be interpreted and understood by the reader of the report. Read more...

Some Reasons for Qualified Conclusions

Reaching an unqualified conclusion about the identity or elimination of a writer must be supported by the observable evidence in the examined writings. In fact, in most cases the evidence does not support an unqualified conclusion. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the reasons for not being able to reach an unqualified conclusion. Read more...

Obtaining Collected or Nonrequest Known Writings

Collected or Nonrequest Known Writing (CNRKW) is writing usually written during the normal course of business and daily activities of life. However, under no circumstances can it be assumed that all CNRKW is, in fact, the writing of their purported writer and/or naturally written. When properly authenticated, they can be useful for comparison purposes. Read more...

Obtaining Requested Known Handwriting Specimens

The handwriting comparison process starts with the investigator! If he obtains and submits the evidence necessary for a meaningful examination and comparison, the results he receives will be worth the effort. That is not to imply that he will always have his suspect identified as the writer. What he will receive is a report that better reflects the quantity and quality of the observable evidence in the submitted documents. Read more...

Indented Writing

Indented writing, or second page writing, is the impression from the writing instrument captured on sheets of paper below the one that contains the original writing. This most often manifests itself when pads of paper are used. Indented writing can be a source of identification in anonymous note cases and is an invaluable investigation procedure when medical records are suspected of containing alterations. Read more...

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